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Genesis 19

19
The Lord Destroys Sodom and Gomorrah
1The two angels arrived at Sodom in the evening. Lot was sitting near the gate of the city. When Lot saw the angels, he got up to greet them. He bowed down with his face to the ground. 2“My lords,” he said, “please come to my house. You can wash your feet and spend the night there. Then you can go on your way early in the morning.”
“No,” they answered. “We’ll spend the night in the town square.”
3But Lot wouldn’t give up. So they went with him and entered his house. He prepared a meal for them. He baked bread without using yeast. And they ate. 4Before Lot and his guests had gone to bed, all the men came from every part of the city of Sodom. Young and old men alike surrounded the house. 5They called out to Lot. They said, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us. We want to have sex with them.”
6Lot went outside to meet them. He shut the door behind him. 7He said, “No, my friends. Don’t do such an evil thing. 8Look, I have two daughters that no man has ever slept with. I’ll bring them out to you now. Then do to them what you want to. But don’t do anything to these men. I’ve brought them inside so they can be safe.”
9“Get out of our way!” the men of Sodom replied to Lot. “You came here as an outsider. Now you want to act like a judge! We’ll treat you worse than them.” They kept trying to force Lot to open the door. Then they moved forward to break it down.
10But the angels inside reached out and pulled Lot back into the house and shut the door. 11Then they made the men who were at the door of the house blind. They blinded both young and old men so that they couldn’t find the door.
12The two angels said to Lot, “Do you have any other family members here? Do you have sons-in-law, sons, daughters or any other relatives in the city? Get them out of here! 13We are going to destroy this place. Many have cried out to the Lord against the people of this city. So he has sent us to destroy it.”
14Then Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law. They had promised to marry his daughters. He said, “Hurry up! Get out of this place! The Lord is about to destroy the city!” But his sons-in-law thought he was joking.
15The sun was coming up. So the angels tried to get Lot to leave. They said, “Hurry up! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here. Get out! If you don’t, you will be swept away when the city is destroyed.”
16Lot didn’t move right away. So the men grabbed him by the hand. They also took hold of the hands of his wife and two daughters. They led all of them safely out of the city. The Lord had mercy on them. 17As soon as the angels had brought them out, one of them spoke. He said, “Run for your lives! Don’t look back! Don’t stop anywhere in the valley! Run to the mountains! If you don’t, you will be swept away!”
18But Lot said to them, “No, my lords! Please! 19You have done me a big favor. You have been very kind to me by sparing my life. But I can’t run to the mountains. I won’t be able to escape this horrible thing that’s going to happen. And then I’ll die. 20Look, here’s a town near enough to run to. It’s small. Let me run to it. It’s very small, isn’t it? Then my life will be spared.”
21The Lord said to Lot, “All right. I will also give you what you are asking for. I will not destroy the town you are talking about. 22But run there quickly. I can’t do anything until you reach it.” The town was named Zoar. Zoar means Small.
23By the time Lot reached Zoar, the sun had risen over the land. 24Then the Lord sent down burning sulfur. It came down like rain on Sodom and Gomorrah. It came from the Lord. It came out of the sky. 25The Lord destroyed these cities and the whole valley. All the people who were living in the cities were wiped out. So were the plants in the land. 26But Lot’s wife looked back. When she did, she became a pillar made out of salt.
27Early the next morning Abraham got up. He returned to the place where he had stood in front of the Lord. 28He looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah and the whole valley. He saw thick smoke rising from the land. It looked like smoke from a furnace.
29So when God destroyed the cities of the valley, he showed concern for Abraham. He brought Lot out safely when he destroyed the cities where Lot had lived.
Lot and His Daughters
30Lot and his two daughters left Zoar. They went to live in the mountains because Lot was afraid to stay in Zoar. So he and his daughters lived in a cave. 31One day the older daughter spoke to the younger one. She said, “Our father is old. People all over the earth have men to marry and have children with. We do not. 32So let’s get our father to drink wine. Then we can sleep with him. We can use our father to continue our family line.”
33That night they got their father to drink wine. Then the older daughter went in and slept with him. He wasn’t aware when she lay down or when she got up.
34The next day the older daughter spoke to the younger one again. She said, “Last night I slept with my father. Let’s get him to drink wine again tonight. Then you go in and sleep with him. We can use our father to continue our family line.” 35So they got their father to drink wine that night also. Then the younger daughter slept with him. Again he wasn’t aware when she lay down or when she got up.
36So both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father. 37The older daughter had a son. She named him Moab. He’s the father of the Moabites of today. 38The younger daughter also had a son. She named him Ben-Ammi. He’s the father of the Ammonites of today.
19
Sodom’s Depravity
1Now #Gen. 18:2, 16, 22the two angels came to Sodom in the evening, and #Gen. 18:1–5Lot was sitting in the gate of Sodom. When Lot saw them, he rose to meet them, and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground. 2And he said, “Here now, my lords, please #Gen. 24:31; (Heb. 13:2)turn in to your servant’s house and spend the night, and #Gen. 18:4; 24:32wash your feet; then you may rise early and go on your way.”
And they said, #Luke 24:28“No, but we will spend the night in the open square.”
3But he insisted strongly; so they turned in to him and entered his house. #Gen. 18:6–8; Ex. 23:15; Num. 9:11; 28:17Then he made them a feast, and baked #Ex. 12:8unleavened bread, and they ate.
4Now before they lay down, the men of the city, the men of Sodom, both old and young, all the people from every quarter, surrounded the house. 5#Is. 3:9And they called to Lot and said to him, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? #Judg. 19:22Bring them out to us that we #Gen. 4:1; Rom. 1:24, 27; Jude 7may know them carnally.
6So #Judg. 19:23Lot went out to them through the doorway, shut the door behind him, 7and said, “Please, my brethren, do not do so wickedly! 8#Judg. 19:24See now, I have two daughters who have not known a man; please, let me bring them out to you, and you may do to them as you wish; only do nothing to these men, #Gen. 18:5since this is the reason they have come under the shadow of my roof.”
9And they said, “Stand back!” Then they said, “This one #2 Pet. 2:7, 8came in to stay here, #Ex. 2:14and he keeps acting as a judge; now we will deal worse with you than with them.” So they pressed hard against the man Lot, and came near to break down the door. 10But the men reached out their hands and pulled Lot into the house with them, and shut the door. 11And they #Gen. 20:17, 18struck the men who were at the doorway of the house with blindness, both small and great, so that they became weary trying to find the door.
Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed
12Then the men said to Lot, “Have you anyone else here? Son-in-law, your sons, your daughters, and whomever you have in the city—#Gen. 7:1; 2 Pet. 2:7, 9take them out of this place! 13For we will destroy this place, because the #Gen. 18:20outcry against them has grown great before the face of the Lord, and #Lev. 26:30–33; Deut. 4:26; 28:45; 1 Chr. 21:15the Lord has sent us to destroy it.”
14So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, #Matt. 1:18who had married his daughters, and said, #Num. 16:21, 24, 26, 45; Rev. 18:4“Get up, get out of this place; for the Lord will destroy this city!” #Ex. 9:21; Jer. 43:1, 2; Luke 17:28; 24:11But to his sons-in-law he seemed to be joking.
15When the morning dawned, the angels urged Lot to hurry, saying, #Ps. 37:2; Rev. 18:4“Arise, take your wife and your two daughters who are here, lest you be consumed in the punishment of the city.” 16And while he lingered, the men #Deut. 5:15; 6:21; 7:8; 2 Pet. 2:7took hold of his hand, his wife’s hand, and the hands of his two daughters, the #Ex. 34:7; Ps. 32:10; 33:18, 19; Luke 18:13Lord being merciful to him, #Ps. 34:22and they brought him out and set him outside the city. 17So it came to pass, when they had brought them outside, that he said, #1 Kin. 19:3; Jer. 48:6“Escape for your life! #Gen. 19:26; Matt. 24:16–18; Luke 9:62; Phil. 3:13, 14Do not look behind you nor stay anywhere in the plain. Escape #Gen. 14:10to the mountains, lest you be destroyed.”
18Then Lot said to them, “Please, #Acts 10:14no, my lords! 19Indeed now, your servant has found favor in your sight, and you have increased your mercy which you have shown me by saving my life; but I cannot escape to the mountains, lest some evil overtake me and I die. 20See now, this city is near enough to flee to, and it is a little one; please let me escape there (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.”
21And he said to him, “See, #Job 42:8, 9; Ps. 145:19I have favored you concerning this thing also, in that I will not overthrow this city for which you have spoken. 22Hurry, escape there. For #Ex. 32:10; Deut. 9:14I cannot do anything until you arrive there.”
Therefore #Gen. 13:10; 14:2the name of the city was called Zoar.
23The sun had risen upon the earth when Lot entered Zoar. 24Then the Lord rained #Deut. 29:23; Ps. 11:6; Is. 13:19; Jer. 20:16; 23:14; 49:18; 50:40; Ezek. 16:49, 50; Hos. 11:8; Amos 4:11; Zeph. 2:9; Matt. 10:15; Mark 6:11; Luke 17:29; Rom. 9:29; 2 Pet. 2:6; Jude 7; Rev. 11:8brimstone and #Lev. 10:2fire on Sodom and Gomorrah, from the Lord out of the heavens. 25So He overthrew those cities, all the plain, all the inhabitants of the cities, and #Ps. 107:34what grew on the ground.
26But his wife looked back behind him, and she became #Gen. 19:17; Luke 17:32a pillar of salt.
27And Abraham went early in the morning to the place where #Gen. 18:22he had stood before the Lord. 28Then he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain; and he saw, and behold, #Rev. 9:2; 18:9the smoke of the land which went up like the smoke of a furnace. 29And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God #Gen. 8:1; 18:23; Deut. 7:8; 9:5, 27remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when He overthrew the cities in which Lot had dwelt.
The Descendants of Lot
30Then Lot went up out of Zoar and #Gen. 19:17, 19dwelt in the mountains, and his two daughters were with him; for he was afraid to dwell in Zoar. And he and his two daughters dwelt in a cave. 31Now the firstborn said to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man on the earth #Gen. 16:2, 4; 38:8, 9; Deut. 25:5to come in to us as is the custom of all the earth. 32Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we #(Mark 12:19)may preserve the lineage of our father.” 33So they made their father drink wine that night. And the firstborn went in and lay with her father, and he did not know when she lay down or when she arose.
34It happened on the next day that the firstborn said to the younger, “Indeed I lay with my father last night; let us make him drink wine tonight also, and you go in and lie with him, that we may preserve the lineage of our father.” 35Then they made their father drink wine that night also. And the younger arose and lay with him, and he did not know when she lay down or when she arose.
36Thus both the daughters of Lot were with child by their father. 37The firstborn bore a son and called his name Moab; #Num. 25:1; Deut. 2:9he is the father of the Moabites to this day. 38And the younger, she also bore a son and called his name Ben-Ammi; #Num. 21:24; Deut. 2:19he is the father of the people of Ammon to this day.