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Genesis 10

10
Genesis 10
1¶ Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham, and Japheth; and unto them were born sons after the flood.
2The sons of Japheth: Gomer and Magog and Madai and Javan and Tubal and Meshech and Tiras.
3And the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz and Riphath and Togarmah.
4And the sons of Javan: Elishah and Tarshish, Kittim and Dodanim.
5By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands, each one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.
6¶ And the sons of Ham: Cush and Mizraim and Phut and Canaan.
7And the sons of Cush: Seba and Havilah and Sabtah and Raamah and Sabtecha. And the sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan.
8And Cush begat Nimrod. He began to be powerful in the earth.
9He was a powerful hunter before the Lord; therefore it is said, Even as Nimrod, the powerful hunter before the Lord.
10And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel and Erech and Accad and Calneh in the land of Shinar.
11Out of that land went forth Asshur, who built Nineveh and the city Rehoboth and Calah
12and Resen between Nineveh and Calah; the same is a great city.
13And Mizraim begat Ludim and Anamim and Lehabim and Naphtuhim
14and Pathrusim and Casluhim (out of whom came the Philistines) and Caphtorim.
15¶ And Canaan begat Sidon, his firstborn, and Heth
16and Jebusite and Amorite and Girgasite
17and Hivite and Arkite and Sinite
18and Arvadite and Zemarite and Hamathite; and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.
19And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar unto Gaza, as thou goest, unto Sodom and Gomorrah and Admah and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.
20These are the sons of Ham, after their families, after their tongues, in their countries, and in their nations.
21¶ Unto Shem also, the father of all the sons of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, even to him were sons born.
22The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.
23And the sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.
24And Arphaxad begat Salah, and Salah begat Eber.
25And unto Eber were born two sons; the name of one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan.
26And Joktan begat Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,
28Obal, Abimael, Sheba,
29Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan.
30And their dwelling was from Mesha as thou goest unto Sephar, mount of the east.
31These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.
32These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their descendants, in their nations; and by these were the Gentiles divided in the earth after the flood.
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The descendants of Noah and the tower of Babel
The descendants of Noah
1After the flood Shem, Ham, and Japheth had many descendants.
The descendants of Japheth
2-5Japheth's descendants had their own languages, tribes, and land. They were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
Gomer was the ancestor of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.
Javan was the ancestor of Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim,#10.2-5 Dodanim: Most Hebrew manuscripts; some Hebrew manuscripts and one ancient translation have “Rodanim”. who settled along the coast.
The descendants of Ham
6-20Ham's descendants had their own languages, tribes, and land. They were Ethiopia,#10.6-20 Ethiopia: See the note at 2.13. Egypt, Put, and Canaan.
Cush#10.6-20 Cush: See the note at 2.13. was the ancestor of Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca.
Raamah was the ancestor of Sheba and Dedan.
Cush was also the ancestor of Nimrod, a mighty warrior whose strength came from the LORD. Nimrod is the reason for the saying, “You hunt like Nimrod with the strength of the LORD!” Nimrod first ruled in Babylon, Erech, and Accad, all of#10.6-20 and Accad, all of: Or “Accad, and Calneh”. which were in Babylonia.#10.6-20 Babylonia: The Hebrew text has “Shinar”, another name for Babylonia. From there Nimrod went to Assyria and built the great city of Nineveh. He also built Rehoboth-Ir and Calah, as well as Resen, which is between Nineveh and Calah.
Egypt was the ancestor of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, Casluhim, and Caphtorim, the ancestor of the Philistines.#10.6-20 Casluhim, and Caphtorim, the ancestor of the Philistines: Hebrew “Caphtorim, and Casluhim, the ancestor of the Philistines”. The Philistines were from Caphtor (see Jeremiah 47.4; Amos 9.7), better known as Crete.
Canaan's sons were Sidon and Heth. He was also the ancestor of the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites.
Later the Canaanites spread from the territory of Sidon and went as far as Gaza in the direction of Gerar. They also went as far as Lasha in the direction of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim.
The descendants of Shem
21-31Shem's descendants had their own languages, tribes, and land. He was the elder brother of Japheth and the ancestor of the tribes of Eber.
Shem was the ancestor of Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.
Aram was the ancestor of Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.
Arpachshad was the father of Shelah and the grandfather of Eber, whose first son was named Peleg,#10.21-31 Peleg: In Hebrew “Peleg” means “divided”. because it was during his time that tribes divided up the earth. Eber's second son was Joktan.
Joktan was the ancestor of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. Their land reached from Mesha in the direction of Sephar, the hill country in the east.
32This completes the list of Noah's descendants. After the flood their descendants became nations and spread all over the world.